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St Robert Southwell

Catholic Primary School

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At St Robert Southwell Catholic Primary School, our intent for Science is for our children: 


  • to enjoy science by ensuring that lessons are engaging and fun.
  • to ask questions about their world by building on their natural curiosity.
  • to develop their scientific knowledge and find answers through first-hand experience and practical investigations.
  • to ensure they are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to help take their learning further. 
  • to be inspired by learning about famous scientists and learning about their work and contributions to our everyday lives.
  • to have access to the language and vocabulary of science                                                                                                   


We want every child to see themselves as a scientist and never stop being amazed by the wonders our world has to offer; to carry on asking questions and explore the possibilities open to them.




Science is taught throughout the school in weekly lessons and is delivered by class teachers.  The school follows a comprehensive scheme of work in line with the National Curriculum where teaching and learning shows progression across all key stages within the strands of Science.  Other sources may also be used to enhance the lessons in order to meet the needs of the children. The scheme of Work also contains the most appropriate scientific vocabulary to be used when studying a particular area of science, a list of the scientists who are working, or have worked, in that particular area of science and practical activities to support the learning.



In Early Years, children engage in scientific activities through their study and acquirement of Understanding the World (UW). Reception pupils follow the Early Years Curriculum for UW and are assessed initially against Development Matters criteria, moving to the Early Years Profile towards the end of their Reception year.


Key Stage 1

The principal focus of science teaching in Key Stage 1 is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. During years 1 and 2, pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • Asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways.
  • Observing closely, using simple equipment.
  • Performing simple tests.
  • Identifying and classifying.
  • Using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  • Gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.


These will be taught through the following topics:

  • Plants.                                                                                                                    
  • Animals including humans.                                                                                                     
  • Everyday materials.                                                                                                                                  
  • Seasonal changes (ongoing topic throughout the year).                                                                        
  • Living things and their habitats.                                                                                                               
  • Uses of everyday materials.


Lower key Stage 2

The principal focus of science teaching in years 3 & 4 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They should do this through

  • Setting up simple practical enquiry, comparative and fair tests.
  • Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers.
  • Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions.
  • Recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables.
  • Reporting on findings from enquiry, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions.
  • Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions.
  • Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. 


These will be taught through the following topics:

  • Plants
  • Animals including humans
  • Everyday Materials
  • Light
  • Forces and magnets
  • Living things and their habitats
  • Electricity
  • Sound
  • States of matter


Upper key Stage 2

The principal focus of science teaching in upper Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas. They should do this through:

  • Planning different types of scientific enquiry to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  • Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.
  • Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
  • Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests.
  • Reporting and presenting findings from enquiry, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  • Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. 


These will be taught through the following topics:

  • Living things and their habitats                                                                                                    
  • Animals including humans                                                                       
  • Properties and changes of materials                                                                 
  • Earth and Space   
  • Forces                                                                                                    
  • Evolution and Inheritance                                                                                                  
  • Light                                                                                                                      
  • Electricity


Progress is monitored by the Science Subject Leader through book looks to ensure consistency, progression, coverage and a balance between teacher led and practical activities and moderation between year groups.




The children at St Robert Southwell are confident scientists who can talk about the investigations that they have undertaken. The children take part in British Science Week activities and other science enrichment days at local secondary schools such as Solving Crime With Science Day at Christ’s Hospital. Children enjoy talking about Science and show a good understanding of the concepts that they have learnt.  Children word collaboratively and practically to investigate and experiment.  They are able to question ideas and reflect on knowledge.  They possess a richer vocabulary which enables them to articulate their understanding of taught concepts.

Curriculum Coverage 2023 - 2024

Progression Of Knowledge

Primary Science Curriculum Progression Prior and Future Learning